django-restframework对上传excl文件的读取处理

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在继承mixins.CreateModelMixin后POST接口上传数据时的处理顺序是view–>serializers–>model,在view中可以通过重写crete方法直接读取请求中附带的excl文件后赋值其他字段并插入model

    def create(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
        f = request.FILES.get('excl_flie')
        if f:
            wb = xlrd.open_workbook(filename=None, file_contents=f.read())
            table = wb.sheets()[0]
            rows = table.nrows
            for i in range(1, rows):
                serializer = self.get_serializer(data=request.data)
                serializer.is_valid(raise_exception=True)
                row = table.row_values(i)
                serializer.validated_data['ba_item_no'] = row[0]
                serializer.validated_data['ba_item_all'] = Production.objects.filter(code=row[0])[0]
                serializer.validated_data['suplier'] = row[1]
                serializer.validated_data['suplier_all'] = Supplier.objects.filter(code=row[1])[0]
                serializer.validated_data['req_qty'] = row[2]
                serializer.validated_data['req_data'] = row[3]
                serializer.validated_data['owner'] = row[4]
                serializer.validated_data['owner_all'] = BaOwner.objects.filter(owner_name=row[4])[0]
                self.perform_create(serializer)
                headers = self.get_success_headers(serializer.data)
        else:
            def create(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
                serializer = self.get_serializer(data=request.data)
                serializer.is_valid(raise_exception=True)
                self.perform_create(serializer)
                headers = self.get_success_headers(serializer.data)
                return Response(serializer.data, status=status.HTTP_201_CREATED, headers=headers)
        return Response(serializer.data, status=status.HTTP_201_CREATED, headers=headers)

f = request.FILES.get(‘excl_flie’)获取请求中的excl文件
wb = xlrd.open_workbook(filename=None, file_contents=f.read())
xlrd的open_workbook方法定义filename时为根据路径读取文件,如果已经获取到文件可以通过设置file_contents参数读取excl内容

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